The polar library allows to draw polar axes and plot types relying on polar coordinates, represented by angle (in degrees or, optionally, in radians) and radius.

The code is from the PGFPlots 1.10 manual: “5.9.1 Polar Axes”.

Polar plot

\documentclass[border=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{width=7cm,compat=1.8}
\usepgfplotslibrary{polar}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
	\begin{polaraxis}
	\addplot+[mark=none,domain=0:720,samples=600] 
		{sin(2*x)*cos(2*x)}; 
	% equivalent to (x,{sin(..)cos(..)}), i.e.
	% the expression is the RADIUS
	\end{polaraxis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}
Click to download: polar-axes.texpolar-axes.pdf